Sunday, January 23, 2011

Kyoto Protocol

To combat pollution and care more for the planet, it is necessary to have a commitment, a conviction which follow, that can be supported with different rules or agreements, if they are founded by a large number of countries around the world, as it is the case of the Kyoto Protocol.


This agreement is found inside of which is the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change (UNFCCC) and definitively adopted on 11 December 1997 in the city of Kyoto (Japan), although issues, its application was not effective until February 16, 2005.

In November of last year it was ratified no more and no less than by 187 States, with the curiosity that U.S., precisely the largest worldwide greenhouse gas emitter was one of which has not ratified this Protocol.

Emisiones CO2

The main objective of this Convention is the reduction of emissions of the six gases mainly caused by global warming, which are below:

Carbon dioxide (CO2)Perfluorocarbons (PFCS) sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) Gas methane (CH4) nitrous oxide (N2O) hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)

The primary goal is to reduce emissions by 5% as the deadline to the year 2012, compared to the amount emitted in 1990 (where these gases pollution reached 100%), percentage expressed globally, though each country has a rate that should decrease towards the fixed period.

Chimenea CO2

In regard to the European Union, the following greenhouse gas reduction rates have been set:

Germany (- 21%) Austria (- 13%) Belgium (- 7, 5%) Denmark (- 21%) Spain (- 15%) Italy (- 6, 5%) Luxembourg (- 28%) the Netherlands (- 6% UK (- 12%) Finland (- 2, 6%) France (- 1, 9%) Spain (+ 15%) Greece (+ 25%) Ireland (+ 13%) Portugal (+ 27%) Sweden (+ 4%)

CO2 Coches

In Spain, shown is currently far meet the quantity which are committed, as in recent years reached figures that demonstrate the contrary, with increases reaching up to 52%, problems directly related to the development of the transport and industries, in addition to the increase in energy consumption.

This has led to recent years pose different regulations which encourage the reduction of emission of gaseous pollutants, highlighting for example the Plan 2000E and exemption imposed registration discounts applied to cars that are below an quantity of CO2 emitted.

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