Friday, September 21, 2012

How the Kyoto Protocol is Doing?

With the end of the Kyoto Protocol just around the corner, many are countries including Spain (although somewhat later joined the initiative), wonder no go ahead or if in fact there will be a new commitment for controlled greenhouse gas emission when in fact the first carried out in many cases it has not fulfilled.

It was in the year 1997 in Kyoto (and within the framework of the third session of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change) when 163 countries representing the world's major economies pledged to carry out a protocol that would serve to control and reduce the emission of gases responsible for global warming greenhouse.

Although a priori all were good intentions, the truth is that it was soon seen as not all countries have fulfilled the objectives set.

Keep in mind that in meetings in Kyoto was determined that they were 6 gas which should reduce its emission since they were cause the greenhouse effect: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, the compound perfluocarbonados, consisting of hidrofluorocarbonated and sulphur hexafluoride.

From here are marked as standards which is to reduce emissions of 5.2 per cent of these gases between 2008 and 2012, with respect to the levels measured in 1990, although in each country, the fee varies depending on how contaminated in the past, and the obligation to inform 106 Nations in developing on their levels of pollution as well as give an account of his attempts to reduce them.Although the origin of this Protocol and that the major countries involved to comply with the regulations was good, many of them as United States, already "gave problems" since its inception even though they did not meet the reduction of emission of these gases. 

Government Durban climate summit (held at the end of the 2011) reached the conclusion that the Kyoto Protocol had not reached its goal although all countries which applied failed to reach the 5% required in reducing gases.However, others such as Spain (and that joined the Protocol in 2004), it has been fairly educate the citizens regarding the effects of these gases, but the truth is that it is difficult to say that we have reached an objective optimum, when even I have reported increased in the emission of these gases.

According to scientists, current emissions cuts will not prevent that the Earth is cencouraged at the end of century above 2 degrees Celsius considered dangerous and would be required to cut greenhouse gases by 50% by 2050, something that does not seem to be to comply.

Future on the Kyoto Protocol can say that it is something had and although some countries will undertake to apply in 2013, indeed than others as Russia, Canada and Japan announced his decision not to continue with that Protocol.It is a real shame because this Protocol is the only legally binding international instrument to reduce CO2 emissions.

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